Fundamental Concepts of Interior Design - Kift Fashion College
Fundamental Concepts of Interior Design

Fundamental Concepts of Interior Design


An interior design concept is the main theme where all the design components are extremely focused upon. It comes to mind as an idea and then it is brought to existing reality through proper and careful planning. At its best, an interior design concept is a representation of a theme that gives rise to a specific mood by strategically using color, space, and style. Interior design involves much more than just following the latest trend. There are several fundamental concepts of interior design that are essential in the designing process of any space which has to be kept in mind to make beautiful spaces around.

Here is a simple guide to the main fundamental concepts of Interior design which will help you understand how these concepts work together to create attractive spaces.


Any room, and any home, needs balance. A sense of equilibrium and stability is produced when the room is balanced properly. In real life, creating balance entails managing the visual weight of the items in the room. This can sound a little bit difficult, but all it really means is that the room’s things need to be balanced.

Consider a space where one area of the room is filled with a lot of large, chunky furniture. There is a large amount of empty space and a few small decorative items towards the opposite end of the room. It will feel incredibly off-balance in the room. Both the room’s functionality and aesthetic appeal will be lacking. You may create a room that is both practical and attractive by appropriately spacing out the larger items. You should also consider creating a balance with all your furniture or design elements. Colors, themes, patterns, shapes, and textures are all included in it.

There are three major ways through which you can create balance in a room:

SYMMETRICAL BALANCE: The traditional balance method known as the symmetrical balance is about utilizing the same components on both sides of a room. For a cohesive style, an interior designer would, for example, may place the same little side table on either side of a bed.

ASYMMETRICAL BALANCE: Many people could prefer the less traditional and more unique form of asymmetrical balance. Asymmetry is used in place of matching components on various sides of an object. This can be seen in design elements like positioning a big mirror and a tiny artwork on either side of a fireplace.

RADIAL BALANCE: When objects are evenly distributed everywhere around a central piece or focal point, this is known as radial balance. This adds personality to a space and is a great design concept for homes with striking staircases.


Focal points can greatly improve a space’s balance. There’s always that one thing that catches your attention as soon as you enter a room. This is the focal point. For a design to feel complete, there must be at least one focal point. Additionally, if there are multiple focal points, you must make sure don’t compete for attention which means one should lead and one should then follow. The focal point should be enhanced by all the other elements in the area, allowing people to gather around it. Unique architectural features provide excellent focal points. It can also be a fireplace or a massive window. On a much smaller scale, though, you may also create a focal point with some furniture or artwork.

A classic four-post bed frame with the wonderful duvet you’ve imagined for your main bedroom is the coveted focal point for example.  The bed frame would take a back seat to other design components because it dominates the space.


Different components, including contrast, repetition, transition, and progression, make up rhythm. Imagine your home’s design as having a cohesiveness that flows seamlessly from one room to the next. In a single space, rhythm can also be seen in a single space which directs your eyes from one element to the next.


Contrast is the art that involves placing opposing items together, such as selecting a dark-colored throw cushion for a lighter-colored lounge chair.


To establish a rhythm, repetition calls for specific elements to appear repeatedly throughout a place, such as using a color scheme or pattern throughout several rooms or design elements.


The transition has to do with a smooth flow that’s gentle to the eye.  Your home will be more harmonious and in balance when there are seamless transitions between rooms. A stunning example of a transitional element that is smoother than the traditional door’s straight edges is an arched doorway.


When you add or remove items from a certain area, such as a group of candles or a collection of throw pillows, this is known as progression.


In the design of a luxury home, unique details matter greatly. Your room might have the extra flair you want by adding gold accents, a striking chandelier, or special features like an interesting ceiling. Never undervalue the power of those tiny finishing touches!


Harmony comes last but not the least. Even while each of these concepts is crucial, your space’s harmony is what unites them all. To establish a calm, harmonious environment, you must put these concepts in cooperation with one another. For the best results, they should collaborate and work together. But the harmony extends to the house’s physical spaces as well. The goal is to think of the house as a whole rather than as individual rooms. When deciding on themes, colors, and the overall look, keep harmony in mind. Your rooms don’t have to all have the same style, but they should blend together harmoniously for a beautiful home.


You can now see how a room’s balance, harmony, rhythm, and focal point work together. You can design stunning layouts for any place if you have a solid grasp of how these concepts operate. When you’re renovating a space or moving furniture around, keep these ideas in mind. If you succeed, your home will feel spacious, attractive, and like a wonderful place to live.

KIFT college of fashion and interior provides the interior designing course program that covers all the fundamental concepts and principles of the design.

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